About 85% of Botswana is made up by the Kalahari Desert of which part is a wilderness and not a desert. The sands are largely covered in grasses which support some of the largest herds of game on the continent. The Okavango Delta is the second main feature of the country and a dramatic opposite to the Kalahari. In the North the Delta stretches out like a giant Hand to form a huge wetland system of up to 15'000 square kilometres fed by the floodwaters of the Okavango River coming from Central Africa. The delta is a magnificent area with green and fertile plains, flowing into the Kalahari Desert where it vanishes in the sand. Botswana has some of the most prolific and spectacular wilderness areas in Africa, set in unparalleled scenic beauty offering you a most memorable safari!
The rainy season begins late October to November and ends in March. The northern areas receive up to 700 mm while the Kalahari Desert area averages as low as 225 mm. During the summer months temperatures can rise to over 40 degrees Centigrade (104 F) and usually drop to 25 degrees Centigrade (77 F) during the night.
For many years Botswana was listed as one of the world's 25 poorest countries, however with the discovery of its vast mineral wealth it now has one of the most rapidly expanding economies in the world. The Botswana people are proud, with a great respect for their nationality and traditions. In Botswana the immensity, variety and untamed vitality of the old Africa are still there to be experienced.
Botswana has a relatively small population of about 1.5 mio. Around 80% of the population lives in the eastern more fertile region of the country. After mines and minerals, cattle and their products are the next biggest earners of foreign currency. Tourism is only in the third spot, reflecting Botswana's tourism policy promoting high cost, low volume tourism that discourages an influx of low-income tourists whose impact can cause irreparable damage to ecosystems. Botswana might seem expensive to the foreign tourist but this is due to the remoteness of the regions, the absence of infrastructures and relative high leases the lodges have to pay to the government.